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Note: This site documents N.C.’s work on making public schools tobacco free, from 2000 until state law went into effect in 2008, and is provided as a resource for states and communities currently working to make their schools tobacco free. Factual information reflects research and data from 2000-2008.

Study shows tobacco-free school policies associated with lower prevalence of smoking by students

A 2001 article published in Tobacco Control showed an association between school tobacco policy strength, policy enforcement, and the prevalence of smoking among students. The prevalence of daily smoking in schools with 100% tobacco-free policies was 9.5%. In schools with an intermediate level smoking policy, daily smoking prevalence was 21%, and in schools with no smoking policy, 30%  of students reported smoking daily. These findings showed that the stronger and more restrictive a school's smoking policy was, the less likely students were to smoke, and this provides strong support for the need for tobacco-free school policies to help reduce youth smoking prevalence.

Read the abstract of this journal article below, or View and download a the full text of the article in HTML or PDF format from the Tobacco Control website (subscription not required).

School smoking policies and smoking prevalence among adolescents:
multilevel analysis of cross-sectional data from Wales

Objective: To examine the association between school smoking policies and smoking prevalence among pupils.

Design:  Multilevel analysis of cross-sectional data from surveys of schools and pupils.

Setting:  55 secondary schools in Wales.

Subjects: 55 teachers and 1375 pupils in year 11 (aged 15-16).

Main outcome measures: Self-reported smoking behaviour.

Results: The prevalence of daily smoking in schools with a written policy on smoking for pupils, teachers, and other adults, with no pupils or teachers allowed to smoke anywhere on the school premises, was 9.5% (95% confidence interval (CI) 6.1% to 12.9%). In schools with no policy on pupils' or teachers' smoking, 30.1% (95% CI 23.6% to 36.6%) of pupils reported daily smoking. In schools with an intermediate level of smoking policy, 21.0% (95% CI 17.8% to 24.2%) smoked every day. School smoking policy was associated with school level variation in daily smoking (p = 0.002). In multilevel analysis, after adjusting for pupils' sex, parents' and best friends' smoking status, parental expectations, and alienation from school, there was less unexplained school level variation, but school smoking policy remained significant (p = 0.041). The association of smoking policy with weekly smoking was weaker than for daily smoking, and not significant after adjustment for pupil level variables. Both daily and weekly smoking prevalence were lower in schools where pupils' smoking restrictions were always enforced. Enforcement of teacher smoking restrictions was not significantly associated with pupils' smoking.

Conclusions: This study demonstrates an association between policy strength, policy enforcement, and the prevalence of smoking among pupils, after having adjusted for pupil level characteristics. These findings suggest that the wider introduction of comprehensive school smoking policies may help reduce teenage smoking.

(Tobacco Control 2001;10:117-123)